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To be well equipped for a triathlon, one must take into account one's level in the three disciplines. If you are a beginner, a neoprene suit with a good degree of buoyancy should be preferred. If you are at an advanced level, it is preferable to choose an aerodynamic bike and light running shoes. We explain everything to you!
The trifunction is worn throughout the entire triathlon. In swimming, it is known for its hydrophobic qualities (does not retain water); in cycling and running, the trifunction preserves the comfort of the crotch thanks to its chamois leather; in running, its dorsal ventilation zip provides good ventilation.
The trifunction is chosen according to the distance to be covered, and not according to your level.
Our recommendations :
→ short runs and beginner's runs: Zerod Start trifunction.
→ long distance races: trifunction HUUB Anemoi.
→ Olympic formats: trifunction Sailfish Trisuit Comp.
It's a matter of taste, no more and no less! Trifunctions with sleeves, on the other hand, protect the shoulders better from the sun.
The trifunction is also available as a separate shorts and top to make it easier to satisfy the most pressing needs....
Wearing a neoprene wetsuit is mandatory in waters below 16°C and optional in waters between 16 and 24°C.
To choose your neoprene suit, you must define your level. If you are a beginner triathlete, it is better to choose a thick wetsuit: its buoyancy optimizes body alignment and saves you effort. Intermediate swimmers can afford a wetsuit that is thinner and more hydrodynamic. Experienced swimmers generally choose a thin, flexible neoprene suit that keeps the natural swimming motion intact.
Best neoprene wetsuits per level:
• Beginner level: wetsuits Vibrating Sailfish, HUUB Aegis and Zerod Atlante have a high buoyancy ratio (5:3 ratio), facilitate body alignment in the water and save your efforts.
• intermediate level: focus on hydrodynamics with the Zerod Neptune, the HUUB Aerious and the Sailfish One.
• Confirmed level: aim for a 4:4 ratio with HUUB Brownlee Agilis suits, Sailfish Ultimate, Zerod Vanguardand Zerod Proflex. Flexibility and glide to the appointment!
The worst enemy of neoprene suits is the "nail bite": you have to put on a neoprene suit by pinching with your fingers and not by pulling with your fingertips (moreover with your nails) because the neoprene cuts instantly. Caution, therefore !
Explanations in pictures :
To avoid being bothered by the sun, choose wide-vision, anti-fog and anti-UV goggles.
The must : the so-called "photochromic" lenses change tint according to the intensity of the light radiation, like the glasses HUUB Aphotic.
Mirror" lenses provide excellent performance over long distances (best examples: Arena Cobra Tri and Cobra Ultra Swipe).
If a bathing cap is mandatory (and provided by the organizer), we advise you to wear a second one under your swimming goggles to prevent your goggles from being ripped off in the water at the start.
For races in fresh water, wear a neoprene hood will preserve your thermal comfort.
It is sometimes forgotten: the nose clip frees you from the stress of water entering your nostrils. Not negligible!
A bike designed for triathlon offers a more aerodynamic position than a road bike. Its high air penetration allows you to save effort and gain power.
To start in triathlon, we recommend that you choose a classic road bike (such as the BMC Timemachine) to which you will add extensions to lower your chest and create aerodynamics.
To create even more speed, you can take a so-called "aero" bike (such as the Trek Madone). Its frame advances the body position while remaining comfortable.
If you have an advanced level, the best performance will be offered by a bike entirely designed for triathlon (such as the Cube Aerium or the Cervélo P5 or P3). This type of bike creates a very important air penetration thanks to its plunging frame and its profiled handlebar with extensions.
A poorly chosen setting can cause discomfort and pain. To find your ideal frame size, multiply your crotch length by 0.66. You will get the result in centimeters. For a result in inches, multiply by 0.226*.
*Result given as an indication. To benefit from a complete postural study, we welcome you in our Lepape stores in Paris and Lyon.
That's the big question!
• Aluminum wheels: rather for beginners and for training (example: Mavic Aksium).
• Carbon wheels: rather for performance. Light and stiff, carbon wheels bring maximum performance (pair of Mavic Cosmic Pro Carbon UST, pair of DT Swiss PRC 1100 DICUT 35...).
Good to know : for flat courses, prefer a profiled rim. For hilly courses, a low waist rim.
For a maximum speed, we advise you to mix two types of wheels: spoked at the front and lenticular* at the rear :
*A lenticular wheel is a solid wheel. Pushed by the wind, it stores power and generates speed. It allows you to be more competitive and to stand out from your competitors.
• I choose the easy way: a classic tire is practical and easy to use. And in case of a puncture, it's easy to replace.
• I choose the compromise: a "tubular" tire offers better performance than a conventional tire, but in case of a puncture, it takes a long time to replace it. Have a spare tire on hand to save time.
In any case, take an anti-flat tire spray with you. An indispensable ally!
Triathlon bike shoes have an inner lining that allows them to be worn without socks to ease the transition after swimming.
For your feet to dry quickly after swimming, choose ventilated shoes with mesh inserts, such as the Fizik Transiro Infinito R1 Knit, and put talcum powder inside the shoes.
Tip: To save time during the transition, choose a shoe with Velcro® closure such as the Cosmic Elite Tri by Mavic.
T-5 AIR 4 GREY/YELLOW/BLK
Cosmic Elite Tri
Transiro R3 Infinito
Ventilation of the helmet is an important criterion for comfort. However, the best performing helmets are also the least ventilated! A compromise has to be made:
• Either you keep your usual bike helmet for good ventilation;
• or you buy an "aero helmet" (if and only if your bike is also aero; otherwise, the helmet's performance will be lower). The aero helmet is very poorly ventilated but very efficient. Examples: the Giro Aerohead MIPS and the Kask Bambino Pro.
There are very few triathlon shoes available. For the running event, it is indeed a running shoe that is essential! If possible, prefer it with self-locking laces for ultra-fast lacing.Overview of the best models.